M. I. Ishak, A. Mokhtar, M. A. Sulaiman, A. Mat, K. S Sulaiman,

M. F. Rosle and S. M. Hasanaly


Energy Materials Section, Advanced Materials Research Centre (AMREC),

SIRIM Berhad, Lot 34, Jalan Hi-Tech 2/3, Kulim Hi-Tech Park,

09000 Kulim, Kedah, MALAYSIA.



The Li4Ti5O12/C anode material was prepared via high energy ball milling method for 2, 4, 6 and 8 hours and subsequently heat treated at 850O C for 12 hours in N2 atmosphere. The structure and morphology of the prepared Li4Ti5O12/C composite was characterized by means of X-Ray Diffractometry (XRD) and Field-Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM). The morphological changes of the Li4Ti5O12/C composite resulted from different milling time strongly influences the electrochemical performance of this anode material. The Li4Ti5O12/C composite which was milled for 2 hours delivered the best electrochemical performance with a discharge capacity of 154 mAhg-1 when cycled between 1.0 and 3.0 V vs. Li/Li+. Particulate morphology observed from FESEM images showed that samples that were milled for 8 hours have increased agglomeration compared to that milled for 2, 4 and 6 hours. The larger surface area for reaction with Li+ improves the discharge capacity of the Li4Ti5O12/C anode material.


Keywords: Li4Ti5O12/C; high energy ball milling; morphology; anode




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